Whitetail Deer Feeders – Gravity vs. Spin?

Whitetail Deer Feeders – Gravity vs. Spin?

There is a lot more to feeding deer than dumping out a bag of corn. Deer feeders: spin or gravity? Corn or protein pellets? They all have their place in a properly managed deer lease. Josh Kinser explains the what’s and where’s to get you started down the road to deer feeding success.

Watch video: https://www.getzone.com/at-the-ranch-whitetail-deer-feeders-gravity-vs-spin/?trk_msg=1MFMTJNMQNLKJ7AAV1NDSEIJRC&trk_contact=S9T806MV5GTHKKBTJCPN0JEM1S&trk_sid=96GTFEPLCJ392LIP8RQTA1C6A4&jwsource=cl

Tense Video Shows Grizzly Charging Unsuspecting Hikers

Tense Video Shows Grizzly Charging Unsuspecting Hikers

While hiking in Montana’s Glacier National Park, a pair of hikers witnessed a large grizzly bear charge another group of hikers, causing them to panic and run in the opposite direction despite the advice of experts.

The tense moment was captured by Dulé Krivdich, who posted the video to his Facebook page with a caption reading: “Be Bear Aware Folks.”

Krivdich and his wife – who can be heard in the video – were hiking back up after visiting Hidden Lake located in a secluded little corner of Montana’s Glacier National Park. The two reached a high point on the trail that provides a spectacular view of the trail and lake below, and that’s when they laid eyes on a 500+ pound grizz barreling down a trail below them. And to their horror, the bear was heading right towards a group of hikers who were oblivious of the bear’s presence.

The two started screaming as loud as they could to alert the hikers, but it almost backfired on them in a major way..

See, as soon as the hikers saw there was a bear heading in their direction, they turn and sprint back down the hill towards the lake. Luckily for them, though, the bear doesn’t appear very interested in getting in a foot race, and eventually moseys onward.

“We saw people booking it like we’ve never ever seen before in our lives. Even in the Olympics,” Krivdich said as he recalled the tense moment.

Krivdich also included the following in the caption of his video on Facebook:

“This was this afternoon hiking back up after visiting Hidden Lake. Just a switchback below where my wife and I just motored through, this big fella (I’d say a 500+ pound Grizzly came through a treeline, down a meadow and swiftly on to the trail itself to get to wherever he wanted to go. Now hikers just below on the same trail are totally unaware of what’s heading their way as we from above start yelling that there is a bear barreling down the same trail. As one yells back “what do we do?” “Just start making a lot of noise!!! Don’t run!!!! But just then, the grizz made a bluff charge and we saw people booking it like we’ve never ever seen before in our lives. Even in the Olympics. But I think that it was a case of the Bear not knowing people were coming up as the people had no idea but even once they did, they still did the worse thing…….they RAN!!! Thank goodness that it all went well afterwards. Other than that it was a beautiful day for a hike down to Hidden Lake.”

So let this serve as a reminder; If you’re in grizzly country and encounter a bear running towards you, running is the LAST thing you should do. Your instincts will certainly try to tell you otherwise, but running may trigger a predatory response and grizzly bears can easily run you down if they truly wanted, Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks explains on its website.

Fortunately for these folks, the bear was probably confused when it saw multiple people take off running through the woods and opted not to go on pursuit.

California Votes Again to Harm African Wildlife & Communities

California Votes Again to Harm African Wildlife & Communities

The elected officials of California State Assembly’s Water, Parks, and Wildlife Committee approved SB 1175, a bill that would ban the possession and importation of thirteen species of African game animals. In doing so, the committee willfully ignores the overwhelming scientific evidence that confirms that legal, regulated hunting is an irreplaceable component of any effective African wildlife conservation plan.

Safari Club International has steadfastly opposed this legislation at every turn and has done so hand-in-hand with African wildlife officials such as Maxi Louis of Namibia and George Pangeti of Zimbabwe, who see SB 1175 as an existential threat to the wildlife species they have committed their lives to conserving.

Maxi Louis, the Director of the Namibian Association of Community Based Natural Resource Management Support Organizations (NACSO), testified in front of the committee today in order to communicate the ways in which Namibia communities rely on sustainable hunting as part of a larger conservation effort that protects animal species health and wildlife habitat, while also supporting local jobs and livelihoods.

“Conservation hunting protects large habitats that can be otherwise used for agriculture of not deriving livelihoods from their farmlands,” said Louis. “Namibia is one of the driest countries in sub-Saharan Africa and badly affected by drought due to climate change. Wildlife conservation is proven to be one of the best resilient and adaptation tools that are currently used by rural communities in the semi-desert areas.”

George Pangeti, the former Deputy Director of Zimbabwe Parks and Wildlife Management Authority,  also testified today and urged the committee to consider the assessment of African conservationists more seriously, who have clearly explained why this proposed legislation is detrimental to conservation and sustainable management of wildlife in Zimbabwe and surrounding regions.

“Revenues from hunting on state land are used to fund conservation programs and administrative services for the Wildlife Agency,” said Pangeti. “At all times, there is constant communication with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to ensure that there is compliance with the CITES regulations, the Endangered Species Act of U.S. and local Zimbabwe legislation governing trophy hunting. My plea is that such a big state like California should not be party to the reversal of good wildlife management practices and benefits that have been established so far at great cost.”

SCI CEO W. Laird Hamberlin commented on the committee’s decision to ignore conservation science, saying, “I continue to be disappointed by California’s elected officials who support SB 1175, even when expert conservationists from Africa have clearly demonstrated how the legislation will have the opposite of its intended effect. As this bill goes onto the next step in the legislative process, I hope that other members of the California General Assembly will take what Mr. Pangeti and Ms. Louis have said here today to heart and stand up for African wildlife conservation efforts by voting ‘no.'”

The Mysterious Substance of Antler Velvet

The Mysterious Substance of Antler Velvet

The month of August is when whitetail bucks experience their final month of being “in velvet.”

By Labor Day, on most years, bucks will have stripped off the velvet covering on their antlers and become “hard horn,” displaying the iconic bone white rack we expect.

The velvet we are referring to of course is the apparent mysterious, dark and fuzzy looking substance that covers their growing antlers.

Whitetail antlers are some of the fastest growing cellular material of all animals, sometimes measured at growing up to one-quarter inch a day. Elk and moose antlers can grow up to one inch per day and even add a pound of antler per day!

The velvet is literally farmed and is used in cancer and bone research. Additionally, antler velvet has found its way into the human pharmacology treating various aliments and issues.

Antler velvet is marketed to relieve arthritis as well as healing torn ligaments and tendons in professional athletes. But due in part to its high amount of IGH (Insulin-like Growth Hormone) is banned in most professional sports including the Olympics because it stimulates HGH, which is our Human Growth Hormone.

Currently, deer antler velvet is sold as teas, extracts, capsules, and pills, easily available on the worldwide web and in local health food stores.

Antler velvet has been used as a medicine for thousands of years in different cultures, and is obtained from bucks during the velvet growth stage. Deer farms currently market antler velvet worldwide. Some of the major deer antler producers are in China, Russia, North Korea, and New Zealand.

Antler velvet has reportedly few side effects, unless taken in massive amounts, which has been reported to create alimentary canal issues and lots of gas.

Deer antlers when in the velvet stage are soft and easily damaged. When broken, which can happen when a buck runs through the woods, hits a tree limb with the antler, and knocks off part of the soft, bulbous tip, it will bleed profusely.

Antlers in velvet are reportedly the only appendages in the animal kingdom that have the same temperature as the body’s core, being almost hot to touch.

Antler fragility and vulnerability may be why most antlered bucks at this time of the year (summer) are so reclusive and rarely seen.

It stands to reason that if bucks in velvet were rushing around in the woods, as they do during the fall and winter, they could easily damage their delicate, soft growing antlers, so crucial to their fighting and breeding status just around the corner in October and November.

Usually, by mid-August, our whitetail buck’s antlers have all but quit growing.

In these final weeks of August, bucks antlers begin to “harden up.” And by early September, most bucks have lost the soft velvet covering, in a way, unsheathing the bone-white, lethally sharp fighting weapon.

In just a few weeks, by early September, bucks will rub their velvet as they almost continually spar and test their antlers on convenient branches, saplings, trees, and on each other.

Other Cervids such as elk, moose, caribou, and other deer such as Red deer and Mule deer all go through this same antler growing cycle, obtaining enough mineral mass in just a few months, from Spring to Fall.

Whitetails do not start growing their antlers until May, when the first bumps appear on their heads where they had dropped their antlers from the previous season.

Antler shedding, the dropping of antlers is quite varied, depending on the individuals. Some bucks have shed their antlers during deer season, in December, and others do not shed until April.

Researchers have determined that Cervids actually undergo a sort of osteoporosis by pulling the minerals and elements out of their bones. Antler genesis requires a large amount of calcium, magnesium and other minerals to form the mass of that much bone, so quickly.

Deer utilize the bone mass in their sternum and chest to provide the raw material for their antlers, having been quantified and measured by researchers.

When antlers are in fuzzy velvet, actually each tiny hair follicle is a sebaceous gland, producing a greasy substance called sebum. Researchers have determined that bucks make a special effort to smear the sebum on overhanging branches, scent marking these branches over scrapes as part of the whitetail communication network.

Amazingly, in just a month, these soft, vulnerable, dark velvety mysterious growths on a buck’s head will become the iconic, bone white, pointed fighting tools we admire and desire.

Author: Oak Duke

Source: https://www.eveningtribune.com/sports/20200802/mysterious-substance-of-antler-velvet

12 Deer Cartridges You’ve Probably Never Hunted With

12 Deer Cartridges You’ve Probably Never Hunted With

You may not know this, but it is possible to kill a deer with a cartridge that’s not the 6.5 Creedmoor or 350 Legend. Blasphemy, you say! But it’s true.

The concept of a deer cartridge has always been fluid, and in your grandfather’s time, there was a long list of “deer cartridges.” Here are a dozen that you may never have heard of, and I’ll wager most of you have never shot, yet back in the day they all had their time in the spotlight. In fact, many were the 6.5 Creedmoor of their era. For example:

.22 Savage Hi-Power
While the Winchester Model 1894 was the rifle of the deer hunting masses, the Savage Model 99 was the thinking hunter’s rifle. It’s the gun that “gun guys” gravitated to when the fall turned cold and the bucks were rutting.

The idea of introducing a hot new cartridge to spur sales is hardly a new marketing idea. Hitting the market around 1912 in the Savage Model 99, the .22 Savage HP was the brainchild of the great Charles Newton. A necked-down .25-35 Winchester, it used a .228-inch diameter 70-grain bullet at 2790 fps.

Soon enough its “magic killing powers” were being touted in the social media of the day: magazines. Savage ran advertisements of Reverend H.R. Caldwell with a tiger he killed in China with the cartridge. The patron saint of undersized cartridges, Walter D.M. “Karamojo” Bell, shot a Cape buffalo with the .22 Savage HP and lived to write about it. Here in the US, the .22 Savage HP was promoted heavily as a deer cartridge. One with “killing power well beyond its paper ballistics!” Sound familiar?

Anyway, a few years in the field exposed the truth and the .22 Savage HP faded as a big-game cartridge. Once ammo became scarce and the odd diameter bullet made life difficult for handloaders, a lot of rifles were converted to .25-35 Winchester. If you can find one that’s unmolested now, it’s a treasure and a piece of history. No worries about shooting it, Norma has ammo.

.25-35 Winchester
When Winchester launched their Model 1894—the rifle that would dominate deer hunting for a century—they introduced two new smokeless powder cartridges. The .30 WCF, later renamed the .30-30 Winchester, is even today one of the most popular deer cartridges on the market. For years it was said it had killed more deer than any other cartridge. I suspect the .30-06 Springfield has won that title in recent years, but there is no way to prove either claim.

The other cartridge was the .25-35 Winchester. Its main claim to fame is that it was the United States’ first sporting cartridge using smokeless powder, as it slightly predated the .30-30 Win.

At the time, .25-caliber rifle cartridges were popular, which seems to be the only logic in introducing this one. It was pretty much neither fish nor fowl, and quoting Cartridges of the World, “It has never been noted for great stopping power on deer or similar animals.”

Still, people bought the rifles and the cartridge has accounted for a lot of deer. Sales of its big brother overshadowed it by a wide margin until World War II gave the .25-35 Win. a merciful death. Other than a novelty, mini-run of rifles some years ago from Winchester, I don’t believe any American manufacturers have made rifles postwar.

.25 Remington
Winchester had a .25-caliber, so “me too” Remington had to have one, right? In 1906 Remington introduced the first successful semi-automatic hunting rifle along with four new rimless cartridges. The .25 Remington was to compete with the .25-35 Winchester, and they both ended up on the trash heap of obsolete cartridges.

Remington later chambered the .25 Rem. in its Model 14 pump-action rifle. When that was replaced by the Model 141 in 1935, the .25 Rem. was dropped—at least officially. I have one that I researched and found to be a custom order. Just like many of my grandfather’s generation, I have even taken a whitetail deer with the rifle.

.250-3000 Savage
This is another Charles Newton creation and it set the hunting world on fire. In 1915 hunters were still in awe of cartridges that broke the 2000 fps barrier using that newfangled smokeless powder. The .250-3000 (.250 Savage) got its name because the 87-grain bullet had an impossible muzzle velocity of 3000 fps. Chambered in the Model 99 lever-action rifle, it was an instant success.

Newton wanted Savage to use a 100-grain bullet, but they refused. While the 87-grain turned out to be a sporadic performer, that “3000 fps” was a huge marketing tool. Old-timers scoffed while “enlightened” hunters flocked to the cartridge. With good shot placement, it dropped deer like you switched off their circuits. In 1935 Savage finally offered a 100-grain bullet and this cartridge has never looked back.

Newer cartridges killed it off, but the .250 Savage, as it’s called now, is and always will be the one that launched the modern era of deer cartridges.

.30 Remington
Another “me too” cartridge, the .30 Remington was developed to compete with the .30-30 Win. As a rimless cartridge, it was technically a better design, but it lost the popularity war. It was chambered for the Model 8 semi-automatic and in the Model 14 and 141 pump-action rifles. I have one in a Model 141 and love to shoot and hunt with it. That said, I am a gun nerd and don’t mind making my own ammo for these obscure cartridges.

.300 Savage
Savage introduced this cartridge in the Model 99 in 1920. It was said to produce .30-06 Springfield ballistics from a short-action cartridge. (Again, sound familiar?) Actually, it really did come close to the .30-06 ballistics of the day.

Soon enough, most of the rifle makers were chambering the .300 Savage. It proved to be outstanding on deer, and was extremely popular until the .308 Winchester came along in 1952 and rubbed it out.

Old guns are common in the .300 Savage, and I have several. My favorite is an early Remington Model 760 pump that my wife gave me for Christmas a few years back. I try to get some deer-hunting time with this rifle every year, and have shot a few whitetails over the years with several different .300 Savage rifles, including an interesting “cull” buck in Texas. That one fell to a Remington Model 722 bolt-action. The .300 Savage is a legendary deer cartridge and it deserves more appreciation than it gets today.

.30-40 Krag
This was America’s first smokeless-powder cartridge. It was developed for the military in 1892. It was also the first small-bore military cartridge, but it only lasted until 1903 when the .30-03 replaced it.

Still, the cartridge lived on in the multitude of surplus rifles that were easy and cheap to buy, back in the days when purchasing a rifle was as easy as procuring any other tool. Far too many got carved up into “sporter” rifles, though, meaning that today, an un-butchered Krag is highly sought after by collectors. In my youth I had a .30-40 Krag carbine that was in very good shape. Like the dumb kid I was, I traded it for another gun, and can’t even remember which it was. Such memories are why I can’t sleep at night.

The cartridge was chambered in a lot of other rifles over the years. I was recently in a camp where one of the hunters had a Winchester Model 1895 in .30-40 Krag, which I unabashedly coveted.

.303 Savage
Many believe this was Savage’s attempt to cash in on the popularity of the .30-30 Win., but it’s not true. Savage developed this cartridge for military use. The trouble is, the military never took to it, so in 1895 they introduced it as a sporting cartridge. That’s the same year the .30-30 Win. was introduced, so Savage was certainly not “chasing” it in the market.

The .303 Savage is slightly more powerful than the .30-30 Win. and it was extremely popular in the Model 99 lever-action rifle with deer hunters. Like so many other great cartridges, World War II killed it off.

.32 Winchester Special
Legend has it that Winchester introduced this cartridge in 1902 to appease those handloaders who still wanted to use black powder. It was said that this “cross-over” cartridge let them use the powder of their choice. It’s probably all bunk, another one of those oft-repeated legends perpetrated by gun writers.

Winchester promoted it as a more powerful option to the .30-30 Win. with about 10 percent more whack. A lot of hunters bought into that idea, and I can remember late-night arguments in our deer camp about how the .32 Win. Spl. was better than the .30-30 Win. I have one, and every time I shoot it I remember those wonderful years as a kid, discovering deer hunting and finding my place in deer camp. That’s why it’s special.

.32 Remington
The .32 Remington was another “me too” answer to Winchester’s .32 Win. Spl. that never caught on. My Model 14 is special to me because of its history. The woman who sold it to me said it was her dad’s rifle, and it was important to her that someone who appreciates such meaning owns it. She later wrote me a letter saying she used the money to buy a necklace with her dad’s name engraved on the back, so she can be close to him every day. I hope to shoot a deer with it someday to honor the memory of a man I never met.

.32-40 Winchester
This cartridge was developed in 1884 as a blackpowder target round, and used mostly in single-shot rifles. Then Winchester and Marlin started chambering it for their lever-action rifles. The cartridge adapted well to smokeless powder and became a fan favorite. It’s hardly a powerhouse with a 165-grain bullet at 1752 fps, but it has killed a lot of deer. I have a Winchester 1894 made in 1901 that’s been in my family for all that time, and has put more than few deer in the coffers.

.38-55 Winchester
The .38-55 Winchester also started out in 1884 as a blackpowder target cartridge used mostly in single-shot rifles, but it was shortly adapted to a wide-range of rifle designs, including Marlin and Winchester lever-actions.

John Kascenska prefers a Model 94 .30-30 Win. when he is tracking whitetails.

This is the case that a lot of those cartridge above were designed from. The .22 Savage HP, .25-35 Win., .30-30 Win., .32-40 Win. and .32 Win. Spl. cartridges all used this as a parent cartridge. I have fond memories of hunting with my uncle Butch’s .38-55-chambered Marlin rifle when I was a kid. This rifle was special to a green kid because he used it to stop a charging bear at powder-burn distance. That’s pretty awesome stuff for a 12-year-old.

The cartridge pushes a 255-grain bullet around 1500 fps. Factory loads were as low as 1300 fps, and as high as 1700 fps. The hotter loads were said to be unsuitable for some rifles and could cause them to come apart, but I guess we had fewer lawyers in those days.

A lot of these rifles survive in closets, attics and dusty gun shops. If you seek them out and follow your ancestor’s footsteps into the deer woods, you’ll close the circle of tradition and discover that even those old, “antiquated” cartridges kill deer just fine.

Source: https://www.americanhunter.org/articles/2020/3/4/12-deer-cartridges-you-ve-probably-never-hunted-with/?utm_source=newsletter&utm_medium=insider&utm_campaign=0320&fbclid=IwAR0_qnc0cMb6oDkW_ZdofQbSAWOqAawIgfZdjvB-bUy5eQF0j13wBJDvzkk