12 Deer Cartridges You’ve Probably Never Hunted With

12 Deer Cartridges You’ve Probably Never Hunted With

You may not know this, but it is possible to kill a deer with a cartridge that’s not the 6.5 Creedmoor or 350 Legend. Blasphemy, you say! But it’s true.

The concept of a deer cartridge has always been fluid, and in your grandfather’s time, there was a long list of “deer cartridges.” Here are a dozen that you may never have heard of, and I’ll wager most of you have never shot, yet back in the day they all had their time in the spotlight. In fact, many were the 6.5 Creedmoor of their era. For example:

.22 Savage Hi-Power
While the Winchester Model 1894 was the rifle of the deer hunting masses, the Savage Model 99 was the thinking hunter’s rifle. It’s the gun that “gun guys” gravitated to when the fall turned cold and the bucks were rutting.

The idea of introducing a hot new cartridge to spur sales is hardly a new marketing idea. Hitting the market around 1912 in the Savage Model 99, the .22 Savage HP was the brainchild of the great Charles Newton. A necked-down .25-35 Winchester, it used a .228-inch diameter 70-grain bullet at 2790 fps.

Soon enough its “magic killing powers” were being touted in the social media of the day: magazines. Savage ran advertisements of Reverend H.R. Caldwell with a tiger he killed in China with the cartridge. The patron saint of undersized cartridges, Walter D.M. “Karamojo” Bell, shot a Cape buffalo with the .22 Savage HP and lived to write about it. Here in the US, the .22 Savage HP was promoted heavily as a deer cartridge. One with “killing power well beyond its paper ballistics!” Sound familiar?

Anyway, a few years in the field exposed the truth and the .22 Savage HP faded as a big-game cartridge. Once ammo became scarce and the odd diameter bullet made life difficult for handloaders, a lot of rifles were converted to .25-35 Winchester. If you can find one that’s unmolested now, it’s a treasure and a piece of history. No worries about shooting it, Norma has ammo.

.25-35 Winchester
When Winchester launched their Model 1894—the rifle that would dominate deer hunting for a century—they introduced two new smokeless powder cartridges. The .30 WCF, later renamed the .30-30 Winchester, is even today one of the most popular deer cartridges on the market. For years it was said it had killed more deer than any other cartridge. I suspect the .30-06 Springfield has won that title in recent years, but there is no way to prove either claim.

The other cartridge was the .25-35 Winchester. Its main claim to fame is that it was the United States’ first sporting cartridge using smokeless powder, as it slightly predated the .30-30 Win.

At the time, .25-caliber rifle cartridges were popular, which seems to be the only logic in introducing this one. It was pretty much neither fish nor fowl, and quoting Cartridges of the World, “It has never been noted for great stopping power on deer or similar animals.”

Still, people bought the rifles and the cartridge has accounted for a lot of deer. Sales of its big brother overshadowed it by a wide margin until World War II gave the .25-35 Win. a merciful death. Other than a novelty, mini-run of rifles some years ago from Winchester, I don’t believe any American manufacturers have made rifles postwar.

.25 Remington
Winchester had a .25-caliber, so “me too” Remington had to have one, right? In 1906 Remington introduced the first successful semi-automatic hunting rifle along with four new rimless cartridges. The .25 Remington was to compete with the .25-35 Winchester, and they both ended up on the trash heap of obsolete cartridges.

Remington later chambered the .25 Rem. in its Model 14 pump-action rifle. When that was replaced by the Model 141 in 1935, the .25 Rem. was dropped—at least officially. I have one that I researched and found to be a custom order. Just like many of my grandfather’s generation, I have even taken a whitetail deer with the rifle.

.250-3000 Savage
This is another Charles Newton creation and it set the hunting world on fire. In 1915 hunters were still in awe of cartridges that broke the 2000 fps barrier using that newfangled smokeless powder. The .250-3000 (.250 Savage) got its name because the 87-grain bullet had an impossible muzzle velocity of 3000 fps. Chambered in the Model 99 lever-action rifle, it was an instant success.

Newton wanted Savage to use a 100-grain bullet, but they refused. While the 87-grain turned out to be a sporadic performer, that “3000 fps” was a huge marketing tool. Old-timers scoffed while “enlightened” hunters flocked to the cartridge. With good shot placement, it dropped deer like you switched off their circuits. In 1935 Savage finally offered a 100-grain bullet and this cartridge has never looked back.

Newer cartridges killed it off, but the .250 Savage, as it’s called now, is and always will be the one that launched the modern era of deer cartridges.

.30 Remington
Another “me too” cartridge, the .30 Remington was developed to compete with the .30-30 Win. As a rimless cartridge, it was technically a better design, but it lost the popularity war. It was chambered for the Model 8 semi-automatic and in the Model 14 and 141 pump-action rifles. I have one in a Model 141 and love to shoot and hunt with it. That said, I am a gun nerd and don’t mind making my own ammo for these obscure cartridges.

.300 Savage
Savage introduced this cartridge in the Model 99 in 1920. It was said to produce .30-06 Springfield ballistics from a short-action cartridge. (Again, sound familiar?) Actually, it really did come close to the .30-06 ballistics of the day.

Soon enough, most of the rifle makers were chambering the .300 Savage. It proved to be outstanding on deer, and was extremely popular until the .308 Winchester came along in 1952 and rubbed it out.

Old guns are common in the .300 Savage, and I have several. My favorite is an early Remington Model 760 pump that my wife gave me for Christmas a few years back. I try to get some deer-hunting time with this rifle every year, and have shot a few whitetails over the years with several different .300 Savage rifles, including an interesting “cull” buck in Texas. That one fell to a Remington Model 722 bolt-action. The .300 Savage is a legendary deer cartridge and it deserves more appreciation than it gets today.

.30-40 Krag
This was America’s first smokeless-powder cartridge. It was developed for the military in 1892. It was also the first small-bore military cartridge, but it only lasted until 1903 when the .30-03 replaced it.

Still, the cartridge lived on in the multitude of surplus rifles that were easy and cheap to buy, back in the days when purchasing a rifle was as easy as procuring any other tool. Far too many got carved up into “sporter” rifles, though, meaning that today, an un-butchered Krag is highly sought after by collectors. In my youth I had a .30-40 Krag carbine that was in very good shape. Like the dumb kid I was, I traded it for another gun, and can’t even remember which it was. Such memories are why I can’t sleep at night.

The cartridge was chambered in a lot of other rifles over the years. I was recently in a camp where one of the hunters had a Winchester Model 1895 in .30-40 Krag, which I unabashedly coveted.

.303 Savage
Many believe this was Savage’s attempt to cash in on the popularity of the .30-30 Win., but it’s not true. Savage developed this cartridge for military use. The trouble is, the military never took to it, so in 1895 they introduced it as a sporting cartridge. That’s the same year the .30-30 Win. was introduced, so Savage was certainly not “chasing” it in the market.

The .303 Savage is slightly more powerful than the .30-30 Win. and it was extremely popular in the Model 99 lever-action rifle with deer hunters. Like so many other great cartridges, World War II killed it off.

.32 Winchester Special
Legend has it that Winchester introduced this cartridge in 1902 to appease those handloaders who still wanted to use black powder. It was said that this “cross-over” cartridge let them use the powder of their choice. It’s probably all bunk, another one of those oft-repeated legends perpetrated by gun writers.

Winchester promoted it as a more powerful option to the .30-30 Win. with about 10 percent more whack. A lot of hunters bought into that idea, and I can remember late-night arguments in our deer camp about how the .32 Win. Spl. was better than the .30-30 Win. I have one, and every time I shoot it I remember those wonderful years as a kid, discovering deer hunting and finding my place in deer camp. That’s why it’s special.

.32 Remington
The .32 Remington was another “me too” answer to Winchester’s .32 Win. Spl. that never caught on. My Model 14 is special to me because of its history. The woman who sold it to me said it was her dad’s rifle, and it was important to her that someone who appreciates such meaning owns it. She later wrote me a letter saying she used the money to buy a necklace with her dad’s name engraved on the back, so she can be close to him every day. I hope to shoot a deer with it someday to honor the memory of a man I never met.

.32-40 Winchester
This cartridge was developed in 1884 as a blackpowder target round, and used mostly in single-shot rifles. Then Winchester and Marlin started chambering it for their lever-action rifles. The cartridge adapted well to smokeless powder and became a fan favorite. It’s hardly a powerhouse with a 165-grain bullet at 1752 fps, but it has killed a lot of deer. I have a Winchester 1894 made in 1901 that’s been in my family for all that time, and has put more than few deer in the coffers.

.38-55 Winchester
The .38-55 Winchester also started out in 1884 as a blackpowder target cartridge used mostly in single-shot rifles, but it was shortly adapted to a wide-range of rifle designs, including Marlin and Winchester lever-actions.

John Kascenska prefers a Model 94 .30-30 Win. when he is tracking whitetails.

This is the case that a lot of those cartridge above were designed from. The .22 Savage HP, .25-35 Win., .30-30 Win., .32-40 Win. and .32 Win. Spl. cartridges all used this as a parent cartridge. I have fond memories of hunting with my uncle Butch’s .38-55-chambered Marlin rifle when I was a kid. This rifle was special to a green kid because he used it to stop a charging bear at powder-burn distance. That’s pretty awesome stuff for a 12-year-old.

The cartridge pushes a 255-grain bullet around 1500 fps. Factory loads were as low as 1300 fps, and as high as 1700 fps. The hotter loads were said to be unsuitable for some rifles and could cause them to come apart, but I guess we had fewer lawyers in those days.

A lot of these rifles survive in closets, attics and dusty gun shops. If you seek them out and follow your ancestor’s footsteps into the deer woods, you’ll close the circle of tradition and discover that even those old, “antiquated” cartridges kill deer just fine.

Source: https://www.americanhunter.org/articles/2020/3/4/12-deer-cartridges-you-ve-probably-never-hunted-with/?utm_source=newsletter&utm_medium=insider&utm_campaign=0320&fbclid=IwAR0_qnc0cMb6oDkW_ZdofQbSAWOqAawIgfZdjvB-bUy5eQF0j13wBJDvzkk

Here’s Why You Should Hunt Coyotes & How To Get Started

Here’s Why You Should Hunt Coyotes & How To Get Started

Deer are disappearing. Fawns, small game, livestock and even our pets, are being eaten alive by the exploding coyote population. Coyotes are one of the most adaptable animals in the world. Their excellent vision, sense of smell and hearing, matched with their ability to survive on eating just about anything, makes them irrepressible hunters.

Coyote population movement map showing disbursement throughout the United States.   (Photo: Stanley Gehrt, Ohio State University)

Coyote population movement map showing disbursement throughout the United States. (Photo: Stanley Gehrt, Ohio State University)

The geographic range of coyotes was once limited to the Great Plains of North America, but since the 1950’s, the coyote range has expanded by more than 40%. You can now find coyotes throughout the entire continental United States. The boom in coyote population and geographic expansion is attributed to the loss of their natural predators. In the early 1900’s, wolves and cougar populations were decimated by ranchers in order to protect their livestock and families.

Western coyotes are slightly smaller than Eastern coyotes that are seen expanding throughout the Midwest. The larger size of the Eastern Coyote is a result of decades of breeding with Great Lake wolves which makes them bigger, faster, and hungrier, typically weighing anywhere from 20-55 pounds. Today, there are 19 subspecies of coyotes recognized, all of which are rapidly growing and expanding their territories. They will eat whenever there is opportunity, but need to average about 2-3 pounds of food per day, 90% of their diet is mammalian. Coyotes are omnivores, which means, they will eat everything from dog food and insects, to rabbits and full grown deer. Overpopulation of coyotes means less food in an area. For most animals, when there is a food shortage their population caps. Coyotes will travel up to 100 miles to find their next meal and are able to adapt to new habitats. Coyotes are very elusive, hunting and traveling solo or with their mate or pups. Part of their elusiveness is credited to their nocturnal nature, especially in urban areas like Los Angeles, CA. Yes, when we said they can live anywhere, we meant it. Coyotes are now prevalent everywhere from cities in Central America, all the way up the northern reaches of Maine.

For many hunters, coyote hunting is not something our fathers and grandfathers did. For people on the east and west coast, we didn’t learn tips from our hunting mentors. Now that coyotes are present in all 49 States of the continental US, it’s likely that coyotes have moved into your area. Whether you are a hunter who has shot countless coyotes, or you are looking to learn the ropes of coyote hunting, we will show you why you should hunt coyotes and share strategy to help you to be successful.

Why You Should Hunt Coyotes

MANAGE THE COYOTE POPULATION

Coyotes are predators with little to no competition, and without serious effort, their population grows substantially every year. Coyotes adapt, then reproduce. Most animals cannot continue to live if their food source is depleted. Coyotes, however, are resourceful and migrate to new locations with new food sources. They will eat pretty much anything from trash to cat food to full grown deer, and continue to reproduce.

If an area is overpopulated with coyotes, a litter may only consist of as few as 4 pups. In contrast, if an area has little to no other coyotes, a female coyote can birth up to 12 coyotes in a litter. The average lifespan of a wild coyote is 10 years, and they are ready to mate at 20 months. That means, a female coyote can potentially give birth to more than 120 coyotes in its lifetime, which left unchecked, can lead to exponential growth of the coyote population in an area. That makes hunters and trappers critical to keeping this population in check or coyotes will continue to find new things to eat, keep expanding their territory, and keep reproducing.

HELP DEER AND SMALL GAME POPULATIONS THROUGH COYOTE MANAGEMENT

Coyotes usually breed from January through March, with a gestation period around 60 days. As babies are born in the spring, male coyotes will hunt and return with game for the female coyote and her pups. What else is being born in late spring all across North America? You got it, whitetail, mule deer fawns, and elk calves. An extensive study conducted in Oklahoma found that “coyotes were responsible for 86% of annual white-tailed deer fawn mortality.” Since fawns aren’t as strong, fast, and tough as mature deer, this makes them a perfect target for coyotes to bring back to their families, or a first hunt for a coyote pup.

Coyotes need to consume about 2-3 pounds of food per day. The average whitetail fawn weighs 6-8 pounds, the perfect adult cottontail rabbits weigh 2.6 pounds on average. Coyotes generally eat animals smaller than them, like small game and rodents. However, in the winter, when those food sources are more scarce, they are likely to go after fully grown big game animals like deer, elk, and moose in winter months.

COYOTES SPREAD DISEASE

Coyotes contract various types of disease and then spread them when they roam or come in contact with other animal species. Canine hepatitis and canine distemper are among the most prevalent diseases found in coyotes. When Canine Distemper is inhaled by our domestic dogs it has a high mortality rate. Rabies and tularemia can even be transmitted to humans and other animals. Coyotes often carry parasites which include mites, ticks, fleas, worms, and flukes that can turn into flesh eating mange.

We talked to Bobby Mills, a retired game warden with 24 years in the law enforcement division of the Michigan DNR, acting as a Senior Detective. He is also an avid predator hunter. He explained to us that “Tuberculosis is contracted through coyotes feeding on infected animals, like bears and raccoons, and they contract to other species.” He speculates that “In NE Michigan especially, potentially CWD is spread through feces and urine.” Bovine Tuberculosis is an epidemic in whitetail deer. A study conducted by the US Department of Agriculture in Colorado reported that they “sampled 175 coyotes in the bovine TB-endemic area. Fifty-eight tested positive, and infection prevalence by county ranged from 19% to 52%”. Since male coyotes travel up to 100 miles in search of food, and can carry any sort of disease with them, it makes it hard, and at times, nearly impossible, to manage and quarantine infected coyotes.

HONE YOUR HUNTING SKILLS IN THE OFF SEASON

Coyote hunting makes you a better hunter because to successfully hunt coyotes you need to be aware of every single aspect of the hunt. From the camo you wear, to the movements and sounds you make. Hunting coyotes forces you to become a part of wildlife; to be the top predator. On top of that, coyotes are fast learners, adapt quickly, have great eyesight, and an impeccable sense of smell. If they pick up your scent, or identify your call as fake, your hunt is ruined. They recognize you as a threat and adapt to avoid your hunting strategy. This makes them one of the smartest, most challenging animals to hunt. As hunters, ourselves, we understand coyotes are extra cautious of their surroundings, which challenges us to hunt smarter. You must outsmart all of their excellent senses. You must camouflage yourself, make just the right call, and stay down wind so they don’t smell you, with the goal of getting close enough to get a successful shot at this small, quick predator.

KEEP HUNTING YEAR ROUND

In many states, coyotes can be hunted year round. In April 2016, the state of Michigan opened up its coyote season to 365 days a year, with no kill limit.  “The key reason, for me, is extending my hunting opportunity. Coyote hunting keeps me out and helps alleviate the postseason (deer hunting season) blues. Ice fishing didn’t cut it for me. – and so, I started hunting coyotes with a centerfire rifle, that allows me to get out and be active while having a positive impact on hunting as a whole,” said Bobby Mills. Coyote hunting is a great way to stay outdoors and active during the “off season.” You become more familiar with the area, walking and getting to know the terrain better than ever. While you’re out after coyotes, you are also able to scout for other wild game, like turkeys. When spring turkey season begins, or even deer season, you will be better prepared. You will be more alert than ever and your ears will be listening intently, your movements smooth, and your eyes on the lookout.

Key Components & Strategies for Hunting Coyotes 

Whether you are hunting coyotes who have never experienced hunting pressure from humans, or coyotes who know exactly what to smell, look, and listen for, predator hunting requires sound strategy to locate, hunt, and successfully shoot coyotes.

SCOUTING COYOTES

Coyotes inhabit many different terrains. However, they spend a lot of their time hunting in open areas as opposed to hardwoods, so when you e-scout, look for fields, swamps, creek beds, and easements you can use to get in undetected. HuntWise is the only hunting app that shows phone numbers along with landowner names and boundaries. If you identify coyotes on a parcel of land you can learn who owns it and gain their contact information in a matter of seconds. Farmers are usually aware of any coyotes impacting their livestock and welcome the help eradicating the issue. Hunting public land is also a great way to get on coyotes, many mobile hunting apps, like HuntWise, show public lands boundaries. When you are scouting a property to hunt, identify any houses, barns, buildings or other dwellings where people could be at least 450ft around the hunting area. Know the possible places your bullet could end up. Shooting from an elevated location is a good way to shoot into the ground is a good way to avoid this. Safety is always paramount.

Once you know the land you are going to hunt, how do you know there are coyotes roaming this land? And how do you locate them to get your shot? Often times, coyotes are so elusive we don’t actually see them until we are aiming at them through a scope. That said, coyotes leave a lot of evidence of their presence; here’s what to look for.

  • If there is an absence of foxes in the area, that’s a sign coyotes are present. Foxes are a natural competitor of coyotes. Coyotes will eat foxes, but foxes don’t eat coyotes.

  • Put out trail cameras, just like deer or any other animal, you can often get a peek into wilderness with trail cameras. Some hunters even put old meat scraps to improve their chances of luring in a coyote to the camera.

  • Look for tracks in the snow. Coyote tracks look just like dog tracks, so be aware of any possible dogs that could be in the area and the size of their tracks.

  • Lack of rabbits and small game. If you are a small game hunter and notice a drastic decrease in rabbits squirrel and other small game, there is quite possibly a coyote reeking havoc on their populations.

  • Listen for them at night. Coyotes are the most vocal animals in all of North America. Since they are most active at night, you can often hear them howling, yipping or barking.

We asked Mills the key to finding coyotes, he told us to look for “Field edges and woodlot edges, marsh, and CRP areas, hunt around these areas to call them out of these areas to the fringes. Coyotes like to look over frozen surfaces during the breeding season, this allows them to see far and find a potential mate.” He also told us to keep an eye out for ravens and other predatory birds as this is typically indicative of a carcass, which makes for an easy meal for a coyote. When you are in the field and you observed evidence of a coyote, pull up HuntWise and mark it on your map as this is a great way to start to understand coyote patterns and develop your hunting play. In our blog, 3 Things You Must Remember When Hunting Coyotes on Public Land, we share strategies that use river, streams, and deer trails to your advantage.

PLAY THE WIND

Coyote’s sense of smell is impeccable so playing the wind is crucial. Always stay downwind of a coyote. If they get a whiff of your scent they will make sure to avoid you, or worse yet, they may even leave the area entirely. Scout before your hunt and plan according to wind conditions. Using an app like HuntWise allows you to see aerial views of the land you are hunting and the direction of the wind, so that you can plan your play accordingly. Bobby Mills strategically uses the wind to his advantage by using a crosswind set up. “Setting the call upwind but hunting the crosswind – maybe on a lake, may allow you to get a shot without being picked off.”

CALLING

While calling to a smart predator like a coyote is exhilarating, over calling or calling incorrectly creates “call shy” coyotes, making them weary of every noise thereafter.

When hunting coyotes you can use electronic calls, diaphragm calls, prey distress reed calls, and coyote imitation calls. Many predator hunters have their favorites, but most use multiple styles of calling. The most important takeaway is to learn how to use the call well, so coyotes don’t become educated on the sound.

Popular Types of Coyote Calls

ELECTRONIC CALLS

An electronic call will make the perfect imitation of animal noises. Electronic calls come with a variety of sounds loaded on it and a speaker. The more expensive electronic calls have more sounds and many have the ability to load more sounds onto them. An advantage to using electronic calls to place on decoys, or just upwind of where a coyote is headed, as coyotes often hunt their game from downwind. If you are new to predator hunting, electronic calls are a sure way to trick coyotes with more realistic, consistent call sounds. Seasoned predator hunters can expand their strategy by incorporating various electronic calls, diaphragm calls, and reed calls. We found this list of the 9 Best Electronic Coyote Predator Calls Reviewed (2019 In-Field Test) by Outdoor Empire very helpful.

DIAPHRAGM CALLS

Diaphragm calls are great to use when you are on the move. They can be used to mimic prey distress calls or coyote howls, barks and growls. Diaphragm calls are used in lieu of other calls to make a more dynamic hunting setup. The concern with diaphragm calling is that if you are not good, coyotes can identify the error and never come to the sound again. A common issue is that coyotes become “call shy.” When you are taking your hunt to the next level with diaphragm calls, make sure to do your homework and practice. Utilize YouTube channels and instructional resources. Here is champion caller, Al Morris, demonstrating the basics of using a diaphragm.

PREY DISTRESS CALLS

A distress call is like saying “supper is ready, come and get it” because the sound produced mimics an animal in distress. That could be the sound of a bird caught in a fence, or a rabbit caught by another coyote. Animals make a variety of sounds when they are distressed, which means your calls need to reflect reality. You can find calls to mimic all range of distressed animals, from rabbits to rodents, to birds, cats, and even fawns.

COYOTE CALLS

Coyotes are most vocal during their mating season. So coyote calls are most used by predator hunters during winter months. Making the sound of a coyote can signal many things and they are vocal all year round. Coyotes are territorial and when you call like a coyote, it challenges a coyote’s territorial instinct. This is mostly male to male barking and howling. Coyotes are also not going to pass up the opportunity to get a free meal. Pup distress calls only work when pups are present, and pups are born in April and May. So using a pup distress call in January is only going to raise a red flag for coyotes in the area. Practice your calls so you mimic a real scenario.

 

How to Effectively Call in Coyotes

TEMPT COYOTES WITH PREY

Set the scene to make the situation as realistic as possible. Often times, this means using a variety of sounds. You can call the coyote to you, to an electronic call, or to a decoy. A common technique is to tease a coyote with the opportunity for a free meal. Start off with coyote howls, wait a few minutes, then bring in the distress sounds. Once coyotes become educated about a particular type of call pattern, you may need to change your strategy. The advantage of using an electronic call is that it calls away from your scent which allows you to be more strategic with your placement in correlation to your call.

CHALLENGE A COYOTES DOMINANCE OR TERRITORY

During the breeding season, January-March, focus on howls and coyote calls rather than distress calls. Coyotes mate for life, and practice monogamy, they will stick together and look out for one another. In breeding months, a male coyote will go after food for their female companion. A good strategy is to threaten their territory. If you are able to call in a pair of coyotes, try to shoot the female first, as this will give you a better chance of stopping the male with a pup distress call, and improve your chance of doubling up. The Ohio Division of Wildlife released findings of a very detailed explanation of the 10 coyote vocalizations which includes some insight into the meanings of each. To learn more about their findings on the meanings of the growl, huff, woof, bark, bark-howl, whine, yelp, woo-oo-wow, lone howl and group howl, click here.

Hunting Coyotes with Decoys 

Decoys are a great way to convince curious coyotes to commit to investigating your calls. Call for 10-20 minutes, then wait with your senses on high alert. Coyotes will most likely remain hidden for a while searching for what is making the sound. If you are hunting with an electronic call, place your call next to your decoy and get out of the way. Position yourself 50-75 yards away with good visibility to take your shot. You can use decoys of coyotes, or small game animals like rabbits. Decoys are especially effective as they connect the sound with the animal, proving the sound they heard is real.

Guns & Gear for Coyote Hunting

One of the most fun aspects to hunting coyotes is the fact that you can use just about any form of weapon to shoot them, from traditional bows to AR15’s. However, laws vary not only by state, but even county. Before you head out to hunt make sure you check your local laws on what kind of guns are legal to use, and limits on time of day and year. Some states allow coyote hunting 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, with no limit on firearms or accessories like night vision scopes. Others have strict guidelines. Most hunters use an array of firearm styles, however you want to keep in mind the type of shooting you will be doing. Remember that coyotes like open terrain, and you will most likely be taking pretty far shots. Your deer rifle will do the job just fine, but if you are planning to purchase the best rifle style, look for a flat-shooting .223 caliber rifle. Check out this list of top coyote guns by gunnewsdaily.com.

The Best Time to Coyote Hunt

In most states, coyote hunting is legal all 12 months of the year. Most people enjoy hunting coyotes in the winter months for many reasons. For one, their fur is the thickest in order to keep them warm in cold temps. This makes their coat in prime condition for selling as fur or using as decoration in your home. In winter months, their food sources become limited as insects and rodents are unavailable. This causes coyotes to become a bit more active during the day and more desperate and responsive to free meals. Coyotes are still the most active from dusk until dawn. Some states allow night hunting, that makes for an exciting unique hunting experience. There are many other variables that attribute to a coyote movement. With the help of HuntWise’s HuntCast you can predict peak movement times for coyotes in your hunting area. You don’t want to miss out on your best chance to get your shot at a coyote.

Coyote hunting challenges your hunting ability, keeps you hunting during the off season, and helps protect the other wildlife in your area. And while there are a variety of hunting styles and methods, the bottom line is that hunters are on the frontline of managing the rapidly growing population of coyotes.

A distress call is like saying “supper is ready, come and get it” because the sound produced mimics an animal in distress. That could be the sound of a bird caught in a fence, or a rabbit caught by another coyote. Animals make a variety of sounds when they are distressed, which means your calls need to reflect reality. You can find calls to mimic all range of distressed animals, from rabbits to rodents, to birds, cats, and even fawns.

Source: https://www.besthuntingtimes.com/blog/2020/2/3/why-you-should-coyote-hunt-how-to-get-started

1911 Popularity: How Browning’s Iconic Design Has Stayed the Course

1911 Popularity: How Browning’s Iconic Design Has Stayed the Course

John Moses Browning’s M1911 persists as one of the most prolific handguns in the modern era, but how has this pistol maintained its popularity more than a century after its inception?

The Model 1911 surfaced in the early 1900s after American soldiers realized they needed more firepower and capabilities than the standard M1892 revolver, which had been found wanting during service in the Philipines. Browning answered the call for a more robust handgun, introducing the Model 1911 which was adopted by the U.S. Army on Mar. 29, 1911. As the best Valentine’s to gun culture, Browning’s patent on the design was issued Feb.14, 1911. The M1911 offered a .45 ACP chambered pistol with a standard 8+1 capacity and versatility that made it a sensation.

Seeing service during both World Wars, the M1911 was renowned for its reliability in combat. In fact, during initial military testing, the gun underwent an intense 6,000 round torture test with no malfunctions.

After seeing action in World War II the Model 1911 underwent refinements to its design — namely, it gained an arched mainspring housing, better ergonomics, a shorter trigger, and improved sights. The revamped edition was renamed the M1911A1 to set it apart from the original design.

The M1911A1 was employed in combat in both the Korean and Vietnam Wars in addition to riding alongside law enforcement personnel in the U.S. Border Patrol, Federal Bureau of Investigation and Texas Rangers. Though the military eventually replaced it with the M9 in 1985, the M1911A1 remained a steady companion for many special operations units.

Diving into the world of guns, there aren’t too many that have enjoyed the long-term popularity and success as the 1911 platform. Still, a preferred concealed and open carry pistol for many gun owners, the M1911 has proved itself with a slimmer width that often neatly slips into a holster. Available in three sizes —Government, Commander, and Officer — the M1911 allows owners to select a size that fits individual needs, be it carry, competition or home defense.

With an easy to maintain and easy to use design, the M1911 is the go-to for many new .45 ACP gun owners learning the ropes of ownership and carry. Not to mention, for new shooters that manual safety often brings a sense of security while carrying. The M1911 also brings versatility to the handgun game with customizations galore, which has even led to custom 1911 makers like Wilson Combat and Nighthawk Custom making out-of-the-box high-end 1911s.

Whether its the nostalgia that its history brings, its tested reliability or its ability to easily integrate into most facets of gun ownership — be it casual ownership, carry or competition — the M1911 is a stalwart pistol with a steady trajectory that doesn’t seem to be slowing anytime soon.

Source: https://www.guns.com/news/2020/02/21/1911-popularity-how-brownings-design-has-stayed-the-course?utm_content=119101866&utm_medium=social&utm_source=facebook&hss_channel=fbp-225612270801893

HENDRICKS: Chronic wasting disease deemed a money pit

HENDRICKS: Chronic wasting disease deemed a money pit

Chronic wasting disease is a bureaucrat’s dream come true. It is a problem with no solution that affects the culture of the entire state. You can’t throw enough money at it, and you can’t hire enough people to study it. It’s an open tap to a bottomless keg.

Since 2016, when the Arkansas Game and Fish Commission found its first deer afflicted with chronic wasting disease, deer management in Arkansas has subtly morphed into disease management. In the process, the commission is gradually drifting from a traditional wildlife management model to a veterinary science model. Drifting too far down that path, with pejorative references from staff about feeding and baiting wildlife, might create an irreparable rift with the state’s deer hunting community.

For three decades, the Game and Fish Commission managed the state’s deer herd with distinct, measurable objectives. The result created a high-quality resource and a high-quality opportunity for deer hunters. The agency’s preoccupation with CWD represents a net loss for the agency’s license-buying constituents.

Game and Fish Commission member Bobby Martin of Little Rock has said repeatedly that the agency’s response to CWD lacks sufficient evidence to support the efficacy of the regulations. Furthermore, the commission’s staff offers no hope that the regulations will effect a desirable outcome. Martin said he believes the agency’s response should be more measured at a time when hunting participation is rapidly declining in Arkansas.

“Three years from now, if deer aren’t behaving way they are today, would we remove these restrictions and restore the three-point rule?” Martin asked. “These are permanent changes, and I don’t think the public thinks of them that way. I believe we are disincentivizing deer hunting in our state. Reducing harvest is an eventual outcome. Loss of hunter recruitment results in a shift of dependence of land to the supermarket. The negative economic and social impact is real, with lasting, if not permanent, results.”

Martin noted that the commission’s wildlife management and research staffs do not know how many deer have died from chronic wasting disease since 2017, nor can they project how deer will die from CWD within the next three to five years. Epizootic hemorrhagic disease and blue tongue are known to kill a lot more deer historically and annually than CWD. Martin said it is essential from a scientific standpoint to know how many deer die from CWD compared to other diseases so that CWD’s actual impact can be distinguished from its presumed impact.

To fill the data gap, Martin asked the wildlife management division to shift a “meaningful” portion of its research effort and budget to conduct a serious mortality study in areas with the highest CWD prevalence and in controlled conditions behind double high fences.

“I recognize the seriousness of this disease, but the question about mortality is one we have to answer,” Martin said. “People ask me, ‘How many died in my county?’ I can’t tell them. ‘How many do you expect to die?’ I can’t tell them that either. We need to do all can, but we need better balance.”

Steven Beaupre, the commission’s non-voting member, said that the commission implemented its chronic wasting disease management plan to try to preserve high quality deer hunting in areas where CWD was not known to exist.

“We don’t know the end game,” Martin said. “If we had more clarity about deer mortality [relative to CWD], certainly we would have something around which to judge our reactions.”

“I don’t think there is an endgame,” Beaupre said. “We’re going to live with this disease on the landscape for as long as we’re all here. There’s no good solution to this issue.”

Ultimately, the agency’s CWD obsession will require money and resources that the commission does not have. Its only recourse will be to ask voters to increase the conservation sales tax under Amendment 75, or to ask the legislature to increase hunting and fishing license fees.

Source: https://www.nwaonline.com/news/2020/feb/23/chronic-wasting-disease-deemed-a-money–1/

Missouri Hunters Donated Nearly 350,000 Pounds of Deer Meat to Food Banks

Missouri Hunters Donated Nearly 350,000 Pounds of Deer Meat to Food Banks

Missouri deer hunters donated nearly 350,000 pounds of venison to food banks and pantries across the state this season, the Missouri Department of Conservation (MDC) said in a news release.

The hunters donated the meat to Missouri’s Share the Harvest program, which provides “lean, healthy” venison to help feed hungry Missourians.

“Hunters started Share the Harvest because they saw a need in their communities and hunters remain the driving force behind this popular program that helps feed our fellow Missourians who are in need,” MDC director Sara Parker Pauley said in a statement.

“We sincerely thank the thousands of deer hunters who support Share the Harvest, along with the many participating meat processors and sponsors who help make it possible.”

The program, coordinated by MDC and the Conservation Federation of Missouri (CFM), was launched in 1992. Since then, more than 4.3 million pounds of meat has been ground, packaged and donated to people in need. The fees to process and package the meat are covered by local sponsors throughout the state.

“We greatly appreciate the hunters, processors, and sponsors for their support of Share the Harvest,” CFM executive director Tyler Schwartze said in the news release. “The donated venison stays in the local areas where the deer were harvested so it truly is helping out neighbors in need.”

Anyone in Missouri who needs meat from Share the Harvest can contact their local food pantry.

VA Bill Makes Firearms Training a Felony

VA Bill Makes Firearms Training a Felony

Virginia legislators have clearly lost their minds on this latest bill that was drafted and filed this month, which will be open to discussion come January 2020.

This of course is in reference to Senate Bill Number 64, or SB64 as it may appear on various print or spoken discussion.

Virginia is attempted to chip away at the rights of citizens, one small hammer stroke at a time; and this bill is going to attempt to outlaw firearm training. We’ll display the language used in the bill and get into dissecting how it may be perceived generally, or even presented, versus how it can also be enacted.

The first portion of the bill goes as follows:

“A person is guilty of unlawful paramilitary activity, punishable as a Class 5 felony if he: 1. Teaches or demonstrates to any other person the use, application, or making of any firearm, explosive, or incendiary device, or technique capable of causing injury or death to persons, knowing or having reason to know or intending that such training will be employed for use in, or in furtherance of, a civil disorder”

How it will be Perceived/Explained:

The way that they drafted the bill, and the portions that will be either emphasized or broadly digested will be the portions related to people “knowing” that they’re preparing someone for some “civil disorder”.

They might even say that this law can be used against Antifa, which it could, but will it?

Talking heads will go on television, hyping up that this is a good measure that will criminalize people training for acts related to domestic terrorism; although why would we need a law for something there’s already a law for? That could be addressed already by Virginia law § 18.2-46.5.

How it can be Enforced:

The most dangerous words in this proposal are “knowing or having reason to know” and “in furtherance of”.

The reason being that intent is no longer really required, leaving every gun range owners and employees susceptible to prosecution for simply doing business. It’s plain as day why this language is the way it is, because with these key words, only loose connections need to be established to criminalize gun owners and enthusiasts.

Furthermore, civil disorder is also quite a broad term as well to be concerned about.

The second and also third portion of this bills is as follows:

“2. Assembles with one or more persons for the purpose of training with, practicing with, or being instructed in the use of any firearm, explosive, or incendiary device, or technique capable of causing injury or death to persons, intending to employ such training for use in, or in furtherance of, a civil disorder; or

3. Assembles with one or more persons with the intent of intimidating any person or group of persons by drilling, parading, or marching with any firearm, any explosive or incendiary device, or any components or combination thereof.”

How it will be Perceived/Explained:

Well now this will try to put you at rest from thinking that someone can legally start up some kind of training camp to prepare people to wreak havoc on your city, which with the way the law is written it can certainly be applied in that fashion.

And that portion pertaining to marching, well that’s to stop anyone from making it look like they own your streets via a militaristic grip and toting their scary guns. Keep in mind, this is how it will be sold and broadly digested.

How it can be Enforced:

That last Section, 3, is the most unique part of the law. While Section 2 can be applied much like Section 1 can, that third portion has the ability to criminalize open-carry demonstrations and peaceful protests.

As we saw last year in Washington, D.C., the “March for our Lives” demonstration which had a theme that was about banning guns, encountered some counter-protesters proudly displaying their second amendment rights and openly carrying.

These few dozen individuals held what they called a “Patriot Picket” and that pesky third portion of the proposed bill can send someone to jail for having a firearm on their person whilst attending a march such as that.

I’ve never quite understood the anti-gun movement. Guns seemed to be the only object that gets blamed for murder when they’re used for murder. No one tries to ban Hondas when someone strike a pedestrian with one.

No one tries to ban Clorox when someone’s kid drinks it. Nor do people try to ban kitchen cutlery when someone is murdered with a knife, but for some reason guns are just so awful to some people.

The people that hate them, but don’t stand to benefit from their ban or confiscation are only one thing: potential victims of crime. Don’t stand idly while these laws slide into your state.

Source: https://www.lawenforcementtoday.com/virginia-bill-to-make-firearms-training-an-illegal-paramilitary-activity-and-felony/?fbclid=IwAR0dNKiFm6Q-XFMMDtbryH_2nKJNClYoLFsJNRM5vVN3RIWS6ZPcs5X77N4